Common Conditions

There are several common skincare conditions your baby might experience, and in most cases they are completely harmless.

Please click the links below to read about some of the most common conditions, but always bear in mind that if you do have any worries or concerns, it’s best to speak to your GP, Midwife or Health Visitor.

Cradle Cap

Of all the things you envisioned while preparing for your baby, you probably didn't imagine dandruff-like flakes covering her scalp. But your newborn may indeed have scaly patches on her scalp and eyebrows. It's called cradle cap or seborrheic dermatitis, and is very common in young infants. It usually begins in the first weeks of life and slowly disappears over the next several weeks or months. Most cases of cradle cap clear up by the time your baby is between eight to 12 months old.

Although it may be tempting to do so, do not attempt to pick off the patches with your fingernails! One way to gently remove the symptoms of cradle cap is to soften it first by massaging a baby oil, such as JOHNSON'S® Baby Oil  into her hair and scalp. Leave the oil on for a few minutes to help to loosen the crusty patches. Then use a fine-toothed comb and clean your baby's scalp with a mild, gentle cleanser that will not sting her eyes. You can use a mild cleanser like JOHNSON'S® Baby TOP-TO-TOE® Bath or if your baby has a lot of hair, you may wish to use JOHNSON'S® Baby Shampoo. Add a little to a washcloth and use a gentle, circular motion to remove the flakes and oil from your baby's head. Although cradle cap can be unsightly at times, it is harmless. However, if you have any questions, or if cradle cap thickens, becomes red and irritated, or spreads to other areas of your baby's body (beyond her scalp or eyebrows), call your Midwife/Health Visitor or GP.

Remember to be extra gentle when massaging or washing around the fontanels, or soft spots, on your baby's head.

Read more about cradle cap and its treatment here. 

Nappy Rash

Many babies experience nappy rash at some point. For information on nappy rash care & protection, visit our nappy care guide

Eczema & Dry Skin

Eczema & dry skin are fairly common in babies. Learn more about the condition here.

Infant Acne

Infant acne occurs in approximately 20 percent of all babies. It generally resolves itself during the first few months. It may take the appearance of pimples, whiteheads or a minor rash. Small white pimples or spots called milia usually appear on the face, especially the nose and chin. They aren't itchy and won't bother your baby. They are just the result of immature sweat glands, and possibly hormones from your pregnancy, and will disappear without treatment. 


You may also notice during the first few days that your newborn's skin peels slightly – especially on the palms of her hands, soles of her feet, and her ankles. This is perfectly normal, especially if your baby was born past her due date. After a few days the peeling will go away. Just remember to apply a moisturiser made for babies to help maintain her soft skin.